Skimmed Books

 

  • number, the language of science, tobias dantzig
    • notes:
      • “Number is an eloquent, accessible tour de force that reveals how the concept of number evolved from prehistoric times through the twentieth century. Tobias Dantzig shows that the development of math—from the invention of counting to the discovery of infinity—is a profoundly human story that progressed by “trying and erring, by groping and stumbling.” He shows how commerce, war, and religion led to advances in math, and he recounts the stories of individuals whose breakthroughs expanded the concept of number and created the mathematics that we know today.”
    • einstein reviewd this book
    • Fingerprints
    • The Empty Column
      • One of the best chapters is the second chapter, where the author clearly describes how our modern Indo-Arabic numerical system, which is arguably the greatest mathematical discovery of all time, arose in India in the first few centuries of the common era, and from their percolated to the Arab world, and then to a kicking-and-screaming European world. Dantzig introduces Chapter 2, where this is discussed, with this interesting quote from Laplace:
      • “It is India that gave us the ingenious method of expressing all numbers by means of ten symbols, each symbol receiving a value of position as well as an absolute value; a profound and important idea which appears so simple to us now that we ignore its true merit. But its very simplicity and the great ease which it has lent to all computations put our arithmetic in the first rank of useful inventions; and we shall appreciate the grandeur of this achievement the more when we remember that it escaped the genius of Archimedes and Apollonius, two of the greatest men produced by antiquity.”
    • Number Lore
    • The Last Number
    • Symbols
    • The Unutterable
    • This Flowing World
    • The Act of Becoming
    • Filling the Gaps
    • The Domain of Number
    • The Anatomy of the Infinite
    • The Two Realities
  • allen carr, packing it in the easyway
    • hard way
      • perfectly legal addiction
      • feelings of personal worthlessness
      • drycleaning came from a guy who knocked-over paraffin onto a grubby table cloth– he wasn’t the first to do it but he turned it into something
      • “When we first arrived at the school we received an extended introduction detailing what a wonderful place it was and how lucky we were to be there. But no one explained exactly why we were to be there. Yes, we understood the general objective was to accumulate knowledge, although learning Shakespeare and algebra did not strike us as particularly helpful to our future lives. I’ve yet to meet a single person who found a use for algebra in later life. The excuse proffered was that it developed intelligence. It struck me as extremely unintelligent not to give us the opportunity to study subjects that would be of practical use as well as develop our intelligence. I learned Boyle’s law and Ohm’s law parrot fashion without having a clue as to their meaning, yet left the school five years later incapable of changing a fuse or wiring a three-pin plug. Understandably, we formed the general impression that we were there for the same reason we were sent to Sunday school – to keep us out of mischief until we were old enough to work.”
    • easyway
  • the mechanical mind. tim crane
    • http://michaeljohnsonphilosophy.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/Mechanical-Mind.pdf
    • https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/1477372.The_Mechanical_Mind
      • “Crane is one of that sane band of representationalists who are not physicalists.”
    • review: http://commons.pacificu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1236&context=eip
  • flesh and machines rodney brooks
    • http://phoenix.goucher.edu/~jillz/cs340/ai/Flesh-Machines.pdf
    • http://www.kurzweilai.net/review-of-flesh-and-machines-how-robots-will-change-us-by-rodney-brooks
    • http://www.wired.com/2002/02/flesh-and-machines-how-robots-will-change-us-by-rodney-a-brooks/
  • terror inc
    • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pv41ctqhJ5g
    • http://lorettanapoleoni.net/?p=448
    • https://www.opendemocracy.net/conflict-terrorism/article_2321.jsp
    • “economy of terror”
    • dirty money
    • trafficking in drugs, arms, gems, people
    • oil, banking, gum arabic
    • terror the ultimate product of the global free market
    • “yes I am a terrorist and I am proud of it. And I support terrorism as long as it was against the United States govt and against Israel, because you are more than terrorists, you are the ones who invented terrorism and are using it every day. You are butchers, liars and hypocrites.” – Ramzi Yousef, trial for 1993 WTC bombing
    • counter-insurgency = state-sponsored terrorism
    • Mongoose – 400 americans + 200 cubans + $50m annual budget + speedboats to undermine castro
  • 20 greatest philosophy books
    • 1. Plato’s Republic
    • 2. Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics
    • 3. Thomas Aquinas’s Summa Theologiae
    • 4. Descartes’s Meditations on First Philosophy
    • 5. Hobbes’s Leviathan
    • 6. Locke’s Essay Concerning Human Understanding
    • 7. Berkeley’s Principles of Human Knowledge
    • 8. Hume’s Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding
    • 9. Rousseau’s Social Contract
    • 10. Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason
    • 11. Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit
    • 12. Schopenhauer’s The World as Will and Representation
    • 13. Marx’s Communist Manifesto
    • 14. Mill’s Utilitarianism
    • 15. Nietzsche’s Thus Spoke Zarathustra
    • 16. Popper’s The Logic of Scientific Discovery
    • 17. Ayer’s Language, Truth and Logic
    • 18. Sartre’s Being and Nothingness
    • 19. de Beauvoir’s The Second Sex
    • 20. Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Investigations
    • https://jamesgarveyactually.wordpress.com/books/
  • dangerous company, james o shea
    • http://www.businessweek.com/1997/34/b3541130.htm
  • politics and the novel irving howe
    • http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1998/01/the-socialist-who-loved-keats/377045/
      • Where shall a contemporary novel begin? Perhaps unavoidably: with the busted hero reeling from a messy divorce and moaning in a malodorous furnished room; picking at his psyche’s wounds like a boy at knee scabs; rehearsing the mighty shambles of ambition (“how I rose from humble origins to complete disaster”); cursing the heart-and-ball breakers, both wives and volunteers, who have, he claims, laid him low; snarling contempt at his own self-pity with a Johnsonian epigram, “Grief, Sir, is a species of idleness”; and yet, amidst all this woe, bubbling with intellectual hope, as also with intellectual gas, and consoling himself with the truth that indeed “there were worse cripples around.”
    • https://newrepublic.com/article/120790/irving-howes-essays-review
      • For Howe it was precisely by remaining between politics and literature that one became an intellectual.
      • “When intellectuals can do nothing else,” Howe wrote in the first issue, “they start a magazine.”
  • braudel – a history of civilizations
    • http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/books/book-reivew-camel-trains-and-mandarins-a-history-of-civilizations-fernand-braudel-allen-lane-25-1428591.html
    • http://abuss.narod.ru/Biblio/eng/braudel_civ.pdf
    • http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/book-review-the-shape-of-things-past-a-history-of-civilizations-by-fernand-braudel-trs-richard-mayne-1427319.html
    • https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/168445.A_History_of_Civilizations
    • http://enoerew.blogspot.sg/2011/12/history-of-civilizations-by-fernand.html
    • http://www.journal.kfionline.org/issue-1/review-of-a-history-of-civilizations-fernand-braudel-2
    • http://historymike.blogspot.sg/2006/08/book-review-history-of-civilizations.html
    • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fernand_Braudel
  • Linked barbasi
    • christianity – renegade jewish sect
      • paul reducd barriers to becoming a christian
    • jorge luis borges – everything touches everything
    • Euler
    • Konigsberg problem
    • graph theory
      • graphs/networks have properties
    • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linked:_The_New_Science_of_Networks
    • https://blog.scraperwiki.com/2014/11/book-review-linked-by-albert-lszl-barabsi/
    • http://www.bearcave.com/bookrev/linked/
    • https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/154293.Linked
  • microtrends penn
    • http://www.microtrending.com/
    • http://www.markpenn.com/
    • http://www.nytimes.com/2007/09/16/business/16shelf.html
  • on the shoulders of giants, malcolm lines
  • carl jung aspects of the feminine
    • https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/790891.Aspects_of_the_Feminine
    • http://www.mythsdreamssymbols.com/aspectsofthefeminine.html
  • how mumbo jumbo conquered the world
    • http://www.theguardian.com/theobserver/2004/feb/01/society.politics
    • https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/52202.How_Mumbo_Jumbo_Conquered_The_World
  • Land of no buddha
    • http://www.thezensite.com/ZenBookReviews/LandOfNoBuddha.htm
    • http://dayamati.blogspot.sg/
  • book of five rings
  • the just prince
    • https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/1482411.The_Just_Prince
    • https://www.questia.com/library/journal/1P3-639465791/philosophy-religion-and-science-the-just-prince
    • http://thebooksite.org/5221-the-just-prince-a-manual-of-leadership-joseph-a.html
    • http://gulfnews.com/news/uae/general/joseph-a-kechichian-the-just-prince-shaikh-zayed-1.337657
  • natan sharansky case for democracy
    • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Case_for_Democracy
    • http://www.meforum.org/808/the-case-for-democracy
    • http://www.age-of-the-sage.org/sharansky/case_for_democracy.html
    • http://www.nytimes.com/2005/02/12/books/a-view-of-democracy-forged-in-totalitarian-prisons.html
  • anatomy of power
    • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Anatomy_of_Power
    • https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/949152.The_Anatomy_of_Power
    • http://www.miltontimmons.com/AnatomyofPower
    • http://www.ftrain.com/face_galbraith_power_threekinds.html
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